Most of the cyber security experts believe that we’re just few years away from cyber-attacks becoming the great threat to businesses, governments, and individuals all over the world. There are many reasons they think this, so let’s see their projections and discuss the ways to protect yourself. Here are the top 5 cyber threats of 2022 (and how to protect yourself).
1 – Insider Threats
The cyber threats most people worry about is still hacking by outsiders. It’s what security experts have talked about for decades—it’s no secret. But while many organizations still focus on protecting against external threats, they also need to focus on insider threats—employees or contractors trained in hacking which can cause massive damage without ever leaving their desks. The idea that a malicious employee can gain access to an organization’s sensitive data sounds like it belongs in a movie. Still, more and more cases have been popping up as social engineering becomes more sophisticated. We saw some early examples recently with Chinese spies getting jobs at defence contractors and bringing home files loaded with intelligence.
In 2022, we expect insiders will be even better at stealing secrets. One way to protect yourself? Ensure your employees know how important it is not to bring work home. Keep them focused on tasks outside work hours, so they don’t use company time and resources for personal projects. Ensure you have clear policies around mobile devices and remote access to track activity and block risky behaviour before it causes trouble.
2 – IoT based Attacks
Internet-of-Things are gradually becoming an integral part of our daily lives, and with IoT in every house, it has become essential to protect devices from cyber threats. The Mirai botnet is the current major threat to Internet-of-Things, which took down more than 300,000 IoT devices worldwide. With improved capabilities every day, hackers can easily use any device connected online to perform DDoS attacks. Even manufacturers of IoT devices are not concerned about security breaches, as proven by a recent report that showed how Telnet is enabled by default on multiple IoT devices from different brands. A lot depends on government regulation and mandates, but even if such is imposed, Cybercriminals would be quick to find new ways around those measures.
In 2022, all devices will have some form of AI or automation, making them susceptible to AI-based attacks like deepfakes.
3 – Ransomware
Ransomware has been a lucrative crime for years, but as networks and data become increasingly digitized, ransomware is expected to be one of the biggest cyber threats in 2022. Hackers will use malicious code or rogue employees within organizations to access sensitive data, then encrypt that data and demand a ransom for its release. Once sensitive information is encrypted, it can’t be retrieved unless a ransom is paid—meaning that businesses will have no choice but to pay up to get their data back.
But even if you do pay, there’s no guarantee your data will ever be released. If you want to protect yourself from ransomware attacks, ensure your business uses robust encryption software on all devices with sensitive information. Also, consider investing in backup solutions so you can quickly restore any lost files without having to deal with hackers at all.
4 – Phishing Attacks
Phishing is a cyber threat that many Internet users are familiar with this. This attack involves fooling people into giving up sensitive information by impersonating someone they trust or directing them to a website they mistakenly believe is legitimate. In fact, in 2017, nearly 50% of data breaches stemmed from phishing attacks . Phishing attacks will likely become even more sophisticated in 2022 as hackers continue to refine their methods and technology improves. Consider installing spam filters and monitoring your computer for suspicious activity; these two things can go a long way toward protecting you against phishing scams.
Phishing is a widespread phenomenon where malicious actors trick people into giving up their credentials through deceptive means like social engineering. Cyber criminals use it as one of the most common attack vectors since phishing scams target large groups at once instead of individual users. Attackers often design sophisticated email templates and create fake websites looking exactly like authentic ones while impersonating businesses, organizations or individuals. These emails contain malware attachments or links that redirect users to fake login pages asking them to enter their personal information, including passwords and credit card details, without knowing it’s a scam website created just for stealing data from them.
5 – Malware Attacks
Malware attacks can include worms and viruses that infiltrate a computer system and wreak havoc on data. In 2022, it’s not a question of whether you’ll have malware in your organization but rather what form it will take. Traditional structures like viruses are expected to be joined by worms, which can move silently throughout your network without showing any signs or alerts until they start attacking, thus making them even more dangerous than today’s malware threats. In 2022, adequate malware protection will also require antivirus and IDS solutions as part of a comprehensive security approach.
Employee error is one of the most common cyber threats in organizations worldwide. It’s estimated that 60% of all cyber incidents are caused by human error, with employees responsible for over 80% of them. Most errors occur when employees click on links or attachments from emails sent by unknown senders. These emails often contain malicious software that allows hackers to access systems and networks within an organization. To reduce these risks, companies should institute policies requiring employees to verify who sent an email before opening it, mainly if it contains an attachment or link; train staff members about recognizing phishing attempts; and monitor email traffic across their networks for suspicious activity.
Also Read, Most Popular Skills of 2022: What IT Professionals Need to Know